Sep 27, 2009 at 2:33 AM
Edited Sep 27, 2009 at 2:36 AM
I would say download the source I posted here which is working great for a commercial software product, so I have no choice but to do this correctly ot I am out of business.
SAMPLE APP: http://go.pushbomb.com/prismuxdemo/index.htm
Here is a visual:
1) I am fairly sure the above code is specifically failing due to Unity having this type registered?? No matter as you almost certainly DO NOT want this path.
2) Remember you XAML rules, remember what you get for free in paying one small price (just like NHibernate actually and for the same reason) - empty constructors are required for any work declared as XAML. Unity indeed does resolve the view in the way I
will describe below but it is still all XAML. You only ask for your viewmodel from the container, and preferrably it gets injected into a coordinating presenter (but I typically do this only where I have complex cross module coordination requirements
and that coordination is specific to one module) - say a module with master-detail and itself hosting 4-5 views, I try to keep a 1-1 ration when possible for views and all the extra backing assets and a XAP that is never referenced directly,
but loaded via the module catalog (I have an RIA service for all the Unity/Prism bits as simple implementations of their exposed extension contracts). (of course this is expensive at the price of better loose coupling at a finer degree).
(YOU CAN SKIP ALL THIS AND LOOK AT CODE HERE ON CODE PLEX - just find the Prism project under my name)
XAML 'stuff' that you want to decalre in XAML (and I doubt you want to say 'I will never need this view in any other form such as: <MyView x:Name="MainView" />
This is almost always a good sign the the design has taken a bad path because as programmer, using the power of XAML for views, and an IoC for your other dependencies, you are sabatoging the value. Typically this works if say you have a Collection of
actuaql Views (NOT a view model) and you are binding that to an outer itemscontrol, where iit has a datatemplate with a contentprenter somewhere with its 'Content' property set to the item in your 'ViewCollection'.
I just am now realizing this is not that hard but I suggest you review the project as I said above and feel free to ask any questions you come up with.
One item I do : On module load, register first your View, then the ViewModule (you will see why in a sec)
Unity will resolve the ViewModel for me, and I place an instance of the always empty coostructor view in the paramater list of the ViewModel
A viewmodel for me almost always has a property called View for it's public face
If you cannot have a design assist on a view (if it has a constructor for example) it will work but who cares if your doing so much more effort for so much less benefit?
So I say:
Var viewM = Container.Resolve<IViewModel>("customerListVM");
This is not my idea, it is in the sample apps for Prism. Just remember you should not be coding anything in most cases except where the view fires a command you handle in the view model. Always let the runtime for WPF or silverlight spin up the view because
the visual tree is a picky animal. You cannot replicate some advanced XAML techniques anyway in code (nested visual tree adorners in one think,,, you can do it but it's a bitch).
I hate all these devs saying the m'X' pattern is so cool (you know the one) when they cannot even spell the work 'Aggregation';. This is no fad it is the best solution to many core problems that are often humjan in nature, like the designer/dev workflow.
I could go on but anything I could say you ger much much more in the code.